Certain genetic diseases or disability
Impaired growth in the uterus
Complications of premature birth and Certain genetic
A premature birth occurs before the start of the 37th week of pregnancy. Premature babies, especially who are born very early, often develop complicated medical problems. Birth weight also plays an important role. Complications of prematurity vary, ranging from mild to serious conditions. But the earlier the baby is born, the higher the risk of complications. Complications can be shown both short-term and long-term health problems.
- Breathing difficulties: A premature baby may exhibit trouble breathing due to an immature respiratory system and impaired gas exchange. Furthermore, if the baby’s lungs do not produce surfactant, a substance that allows the lungs to expand and contract properly, the baby may develop respiratory distress syndrome. Premature babies may also develop other lung disorders.
- Brain problems: The earlier a baby is born, the greater the risk of bleeding in the brain. In some babies, larger brain bleeding potentially causes permanent brain injury.
- Blood problems: Premature babies are at higher risk of blood problems such as anemia and newborn jaundice. Anemia is a common condition in which the body does not produce enough red blood cells. Newborn jaundice is described as a yellow discoloration in a baby’s skin and the whites of the eyes caused by excessive bilirubin levels in the bloodstream.
- Metabolism problems. Abnormal metabolism of premature babies often exhibit an abnormally low level of blood sugar (hypoglycemia) due to premature infants typically have smaller stores of stored glucose and have more difficulty converting their stored glucose into more-usable, active forms of glucose.
- Vision problems. Premature babies might have some eye disease that affects the retina. When the retina is pulled away by abnormal retinal vessels, it can lead to impaired vision and cause blindness.
- Heart problems: The most common heart condition that premature babies experience is patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). PDA is a persistent opening between the aorta and pulmonary artery. While this heart defect often closes on its own within the first 24 hours after birth, left untreated it can lead to heart failure as well as other complications.
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